Slav dating

The women sported new types of earrings and beads, as well as double disc-shaped brooches worn in front and on the shoulders.The newcomers' harnesses included bridles with guards on the ends of the bit, stirrups with flat footrests which indicate that they wore hard-sole boots, rose-shaped rein-decoration all over the Avar empire.

Byzantine silver and bronze earrings and necklaces with star-shaped pendants date from the same period.Cast-bronze fibulae became fashionable among Slav women (although the extent to which this fashion is of Gepidic, Crimean Gothic, or even provincial Byzantine origin is a matter of debate), as did the wearing — in conjunction, and not on ears, but on plaits — of diverse types of Byzantine-Avar earrings.Yet the migration had a profound impact on the early Avar empire.For decades, that empire had been forced to adopt a defensive posture on its northern and western approaches, but the 'new Avars' who flooded in behaved more like aggressive conquerors. First, Slavic groups that were ready to accept — if only nominally — the suzerainty and protection of the Avars flooded into the region.

This inaugurated a new phase of settlement, one in which the area of arable land was expanded at the expense of forests.Their settlements spread as far Vienna, and with the destruction of Lauriacum (ca.680), the Enns River became part of the Avar empire's political frontier.A long pike head and a bronze earring adorned with rays date the cemetery at Nagyekemez to some time after 630.The Avar origin of other cemeteries and individual graves can be established on the basis of certain finds: at Torock, a war axe from the 7th century; at Beresztelke and Kisselyk, 7th century pots fashioned on the wheel; at Khalom and Nagycsr, ornamented solid silver bracelets dating from the same period; and at Ndpatak, a bronze bracelet as well as small, multicoloured beads.There is no trace of such objects dating from before 675.