The team used X-ray scans, radiocarbon dating, a chemical analysis of residues in her wrappings and contextual clues from her burial to build a strong case for the knees belonging to Nefertari.While the researchers also extracted DNA from the tissue, they found it was too degraded to analyze.
The robbers also smashed her sarcophagus and made off with most of the grave goods, leaving only some funerary statues and scattered items — and, of course, her famous knees.
What happened to the rest of her body remains a mystery.
“She was the female half of this royal double act at a time when Egypt was still a relatively great power in the ancient world,” she says.
Nefertari’s extravagant tomb, found in 1904, is one of the most highly decorated ever discovered.
"Nefertari is one of the truly great and important queens of Egypt and plays in the league of Hatshepsut, Nefertiti and Cleopatra," Egyptologist Michael Habicht, from the University of Zurich in Switzerland, told Rossella Lorenzi at Seeker.
The Queen was the first wife of Pharaoh Ramesses II, who reigned from 1279 BCE to 1213 BCE, and her body was laid to rest in the Valley of the Queens in a tomb known as QV66, where these mummified remains were found.Queens Nefertiti and Kiya, however, are both possible subjects. Scepter of Egypt II: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Part II: The Hyksos Period and the New Kingdom (1675-1080 B. Cambridge, Mass.: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 260, fig. The royal woman represented here cannot be identified with certainty. It is difficult to imagine that the already aged Queen Tiye—the mother of Akhenaten and highly respected as a wise woman at Amarna—was shown as a beauty of such sensuous character. “List of Rulers of Ancient Egypt and Nubia.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.