Herodotus described the system in this way: "It is said that as many days as there are in the whole journey, so many are the men and horses that stand along the road, each horse and man at the interval of a day's journey; and these are stayed neither by snow nor rain nor heat nor darkness from accomplishing their appointed course with all speed".The verse prominently features on New York's James Farley Post Office, although it has been slightly rephrased to Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds.Since the mid-19th century, national postal systems have generally been established as government monopolies with a fee on the article prepaid.
The French have a similar word, malle for a trunk or large box, and mála is the Irish term for a bag.
In the 17th century, the word mail began to appear as a reference for a bag that contained letters: "bag full of letter" (1654). The term email (short for "electronic mail") first appeared in the 1970s.
Over the next hundred years the word mail began to be applied strictly to the letters themselves, and the sack as the mailbag. The term snail-mail is a retronym to distinguish it from the quicker email. Post is derived from Medieval French poste, which ultimately stems from the past participle of the Latin verb ponere ("to lay down or place").
In the 19th century the British usually referred to mail as being letters that were being sent abroad (i.e. The practice of communication by written documents carried by an intermediary from one person or place to another almost certainly dates back nearly to the invention of writing.
The economic growth and political stability under the Mauryan empire (322–185 BC) saw the development of impressive civil infrastructure in ancient India.
The Mauryans developed early Indian mail service as well as public wells, rest houses, and other facilities for the common public.
The Universal Postal Union (UPU), established in 1874, includes 192 member countries and sets the rules for international mail exchanges.
It was spelled that way until the 17th century, and is distinct from the word male.
Other writers credit his successor Darius I of Persia (521 BC).
Other sources claim much earlier dates for an Assyrian postal system, with credit given to Hammurabi (1700 BC) and Sargon II (722 BC).
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