Advances in technology made possible mass production of foodstuffs, quick distribution of goods, safer storage facilities, and more efficient cooking appliances.Advances in transportation (most notably trains, automobiles, trucks) also created a huge demand for public dining venues.Historians tell us the genesis of food service dates back to ancient times.
Menus, offering dishes individually portioned, priced and prepared to order, were introduced to the public for the first time. This was the first restaurant in the modern sense of the term." ---Larousse Gastronomiqe, completely revised and updated [Clarkson Potter: New York] 1999 (p. Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau in Paris, 1766 "According to Spang, the forgotten inventor was Mathurin Roze de Chantoiseau, a figure so perfectly emblematic of his time that he almost seems like an invention himself.The son of a landowner and merchant, Roze moved to Paris in the early 1760s and began floating a variety of schemes he believed would enrich him and his country at the same time." However, they have their roots in the habits and customs that characterize our civilization and predate the Middle Ages.Certain phases of foodservice operations reach a well-organized from as early as feudal times...The French Revolution launched the modern the restaurant industry.
It relaxed the legal rights of guilds that [since the Middle Ages] were licensed by the king to control specific foods [eg.
Beauvilliers, 1782 "However, the first Parisian restaurant worthy of the name was the one founded by Beauvilliers in 1782 in the Rue de Richelieu, called the Grande Taverne de Londres.
He introduced the novelty of listing the dishes available on a menu and serving them at small individual tables during fixed hours." ---Larousse Gastronomique, (p. France was the birthplace of what we now call the restaurant..happened toward the end of the eighteenth century.
Another thought to ponder: how military foodservice impacted civilian industry.
"Foodservice organizations in operation in the United States today have become an accepted way of life, and we tend to regard them as relatively recent innovations.
It was a coffee house, hence the word "cafe." Cafes were places educated people went to share ideas and new discoveries.