solstice and equinox, so the mid-summer festival would fall considerably later than summer solstice, around (Lughnasadh).
It appears that the calendar was designed to align the lunations with the agricultural cycle of vegetation, and that the exact astronomical position of the Sun at that time was considered less important.
Samhain is also the name of a festival in various currents of Neopaganism inspired by Gaelic tradition. It appears, therefore, that in Proto-Celtic the first month of the summer season was named 'wintry', and the first month of the winter half-year 'summery', possibly by ellipsis, '[month at the end] of summer/winter', so that would be a restitution of the original meaning.
The night of Samhain, in Irish, , is one of the principal festivals of the Celtic calendar, and falls on the 31st of October. In modern Ireland and Scotland, the name by which Halloween is known in the Gaelic language is still .
It is still the custom in some areas to set a place for the dead at the Samhain feast, and to tell tales of the ancestors on that night.
In the pre-Christian Gaelic world, cattle were the primary unit of currency and the center of agricultural and pastoral life.
Samhain was the traditional time for slaughter, for preparing stores of meat and grain to last through the coming winter.
Each family then solemnly lit its hearth from the common flame, thus bonding the families of the village together.
Often two bonfires would be built side by side, and the people would walk between the fires as a ritual of purification.The most common uses were to determine the identity of one's future spouse, the location of one's future home, and how many children a person might have.Seasonal foods such as apples and nuts were often employed in these rituals."end") is a festival on the end of the harvest season in Gaelic and Brythonic cultures, with aspects of a festival of the dead.Many scholars believe that it was the beginning of the Celtic year.The Samhain celebrations have survived in several guises as a festival dedicated to the harvest and the dead.