Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the nation was divided by the countries that had defeated it: the United States, France, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union.
The American, French, and British zones were combined in 1949 to create the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
In the late 1980s, however, Germany became caught up in the changes sweeping communist Eastern Europe.
In 1871 the Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck created a unified Germany.
In this century, Germany fought in two world wars (World War I, 1914–1918, and World War II, 1939–1945), and lost both.
Much of the stone buildings that made up the city still stand today.
One of these buildings contains a small hole at its top that produces a starburst effect when the sun rises on the winter (and summer) solstice. Stone lines at Cerro del Gentil pyramid, Peru Earlier this year, researchers discovered two stone lines that, when approached straight on, appear to frame Peru's Cerro del Gentil pyramid in the distance.
Because of this, nearly three million East Germans eventually fled to West Germany, seeking better lives.
Finally, in 1961, the East Germans put up the Berlin Wall and sealed off the nation's borders.
The lines are located roughly 1.2 miles (2 kilometers) southeast of the pyramid, and extend about 1,640 feet (500 m).
Using 3D-modeling software, the researchers discovered that the winter solstice sun sets exactly where the lines converge on the pyramid in the horizon.
Laura has a good eye for finding fossils in unlikely places, will pull over to examine sedimentary layers in highway roadcuts, and has gone swimming in the Arctic Ocean.
Germany is one of Europe's largest nations, with one of the largest populations.
The equator does not experience much of a change during the year since it sits in the middle of the axis.