Bishop Urban of Llandaff, was appointed to the position by the Normans, became the first bishop of a Welsh diocese to profess obedience to the Archbishop of Canterbury.1126Bishop Urban and Robert the Consul signed an agreement on settling disputes between them and the first record of a mayor of Cardiff, Ralph, dates from this year.
Ralph is described as Prepositus de Kardi, Prevost of Cardiff.
Gilbert probably also had the Black Tower at the South Gate of Cardiff Castle built about now as well as ordering the town wall to be rebuilt in stone.1284In or about this year, the Franciscan Friary of the Grey Friars, with the largest church in Cardiff 154 feet long, was founded on the eastern side of the castle outside the town walls on the side of the present Capital Tower.
445 AD ⁄ CE Apart from the first written reference of Cardiff in the Annates Cambriae (The Welsh Annals) there is not much mention of Cardiff between now and the 1st millennium, although we do know that the Romans started losing their grasp on Britain when they were overrun by Barbarians.Add to this the fact that the dreary climate was so different to where the Roman Soldiers were from (Romania, Spain and North Africa) that not only were the Romans finding it difficult to fight off the Barbarians, they were generally losing interest in this cold, isolated island.1081 - 1090Some 20 years after William, Duke of Normandy (AKA William the Conqueror) wins the Battle of Hastings in 1066, he marches on into Cardiff for his first and only visit after conquering Glamorgan.Individual references have been added where possible, but with missing or conflicting sources of information gathered over a decade ago, I cannot guarantee that I will be able to provide a reference for every entry.As v1 of Cardiffians is put to bed, and v2 continues to mature, these references will continue to build.Most of the information on this page has been obtained from historical documents I own, or have borrowed from Cardiff Central Library.
Many websites have been essential in providing the information, or confirming it too.
Many of the roads we drive on today, closely follow the original Roman trade routes (namely the A48 that runs from Gloucester to Carmarthen via Newport, Cardiff, Bridgend and Neath and the A470 which runs from Cardiff to Llandudno) 45 - 300 AD ⁄ CEThe era of peace led to the fort being reduced in size, however during the 3rd Century, Irish raiders were beginning to make frequent hits on South Wales.
The fort was rebuilt and strengthened to help repel the attacks.
He was also looking to impress his Commanders, and thought that conquering Britain would be a way of earning respect.
Caesar was unsuccessful in his attempt as most of his troops were lost in the crossing of the English Channel.
1147Geoffrey of Monmouth, famous for his book 'History of the Kings of Britain' published in 1136 and which first popularised the stories of King Arthur and his knights, became Archdeacon of Llandaff until his death in 1154. Geoffrey had dedicated his book to Robert the Consul who died this year. John's Church was probably built about now, and was intended as a independent chapel within the town walls. Mary's, allowing parishioners a wider choice of places of worship.1188Accompanied by Gerald of Wales, Archbishop Baldwin of Canterbury on a tour of Wales called the volunteers for the third crusade at Llandaff, reputedly by the medieval Cross there.