The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which plays a large role in politics.
The head of state is the king, known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
He is an elected monarch chosen from the hereditary rulers of the nine Malay states every five years. The country official language is Bahasa Melayu or commonly known as Malay language. English proficiency in Malaysia has been highly ranked as the second best in Asia after Singapore and 13th best in the world as of 2017.
Its treatment and crackdown on migrant workers has often been criticised by international human rights watchdogs.
Today, Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked 4th largest in Southeast Asia and 38th largest in the world.
Disabled, senior citizens and public school students are entitled to free healthcare.
Its healthcare services have been highly regarded as one the best in the world and the UN Development Programme has called Malaysia healthcare system "a model to other developing countries".Since its independence, Malaysia has had one of the best economic records in Asia, with its GDP growing at an average of 6.5% per annum for almost 50 years.The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism.The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government.With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the 44th most populous country.is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia.