) both of these discoveries have been ascribed to Pasteur.
That Lister did, as he said, most probably derive his knowledge of antisepsis (which Bechamp had discovered) from Pasteur, is rendered probable by the following peculiar facts.
TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE PUBLISHER'S PREFACE AUTHOR'S PREFACE, Part 1 AUTHOR'S PREFACE, Part 2 PRELIMINARY AVANT-PROPOS INTRODUCTORY AND HISTORICAL CHAPTER 1: OF THE NATURE OF FIBRIN ISOLATED FROM THE CLOT OR OBTAINED BY WHIPPING THE BLOOD. The fact, novel at the time, was hotly disputed, but is now definitely settled in accordance with Bechamp's view; his memoir described in detail the experimental demonstration of a physiological hypothesis of the origin of the urea of the organism, which had been supposed to proceed from the destruction of nitrogenous matters.
Theory of the spontaneous alteration of fibrin, whether in very dilute hydrochloric acid or in carbolized water.: ON THE ACTUAL SPECIFIC INDIVIDUALITY OF THE ALBUMINOID PROXIMATE PRINCIPLES. One of the discoveries of Bechamp was the formation of urea by the oxidation of albuminoid matters.
MICROZYMAS AND SPORES OF SCHIZOMYCETES; MICROZYMAS AND MICROCOCCUS; THE MICROZYMAS AND THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM; COMPARISON OF THE MICROZYMAS OF THE BLOOD, OF THE MICROZYMAS OF THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM AND OF THE MICROZYMAS OF OTHER TISSUES. CHAPTER 8: THE MICROZYMAS AND THAT WHICH IS STYLED BACTERIOLOGY; THE MICROZYMAS, LIVING BEINGS BELONGING TO AN UNSUSPECTED ORDER OF THEIR OWN; OVULAR AND VITELLIN MICROZYMAS; MICROZYMAS AND MOLECULAR GRANULATIONS; GEOLOGICAL MICROZYMAS; MICROZYMAS OF THE EARTH AND OF THE WATERS; MICROZYMAS AND BACTERIA; BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERS OF THE MICROZYMAS; MICROZYMAS AND THEIR PERENNITY; THE ORGANIZED END OF ALL ORGANIZATION; OVULAR AND VITELLIN MICROZYMAS; MICROZYMAS AND PATHOLOGY; MICROZYMAS AND COORDINATION; PHAGOCYTOSIS; MICROZYMAS AND ANTHRAX; MICROZYMAS AND DISEASE; MICROZYMAS AND MICROBES; MICROZYMAS AND THE INDIVIDUAL COEFFICIENT; MICROZYMAS, LIFE AND DEATH; MICROZYMAS AND HEALTH; MICROZYMAS AND RECEPTIVITY; MICROZYMAS, BLOOD AND PROTOPLASM; CONCLUSIONS. The American physician made his visit to Paris for the purpose of becoming personally acquainted with Professor Bechamp, who, as his family stated, had looked forward with eager anticipation to such a visit.
My dear friend: I dedicate this book to you, the manuscript of which you have heard read to you, as evidence of the affection with which I respond to the friendship wherewith you honour me; as an expression of my gratitude for having placed me in a condition still to guide my pen by applying to me your great science of electricity; and also because you have been the first physician who, while microbiatry was in full cry, distinguished the microzyma from that still so improperly called the microbe. Antoine Bechamp, the babe of 1816, died on the 15th April, 1908, fourteen days after he was first visited by an aged American physician between whom and himself a correspondence had passed for several years on the subject of the researches and wonderful discoveries of Professor Bechamp and his collaborators.
The following experiment demonstrates that oxygen has no influence in the phenomenon of the destruction of the globules in defibrinated blood. This was intended to be introduced as a special chapter in an extensive work on inoculations and their relations to pathology, upon which the translator of this work had been engaged, almost exclusively, for some fourteen years.
CHAPTER 6: OF THE REAL CHEMICAL, ANATOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL MEANING OF THE COAGULATION OF THE SHED BLOOD; COAGULATION OF THE BLOOD; THE BLOOD OF THE HORSE; THE SERUM OF THE BLOOD; COAGULATION OF BLOOD DILUTED WITH WATER; SECOND PHASE OF THE SPONTANEOUS ALTERATION OF THE BLOOD; THE BLOOD IN CALCINED AIR; EXPERIMENT PROVING OXYGEN HAS NO SHARE IN THE DESTRUCTION OF THE GLOBULES IN THE DEFIBRINATED BLOOD; SPONTANEOUS ALTERATION OF FLESH; SPONTANEOUS ALTERATION OF MILK; COAGULATION OF MILK; FERMENTATION OF THE EGG; SPONTANEOUS DESTRUCTION OF THE CELLULE OF YEAST; SPONTANEOUS DESTRUCTION OF TISSUES; SPONTANEOUS ALTERATION OF THE BLOOD. Second phase of the spontaneous alteration of the blood. The translator had long previously submitted to the professor an extensive summary of his physiological and biological discoveries, and by him it was revised and approved.
Later he, too, denied spontaneous generation, but he did not understand his own experiments, and they are of no value against the arguments of the sponteparist Pouchet, which could be answered only by the microzymian theory.
So, too, Pasteur never understood either the process of digestion nor that of fermentation, both of which processes were explained by Bechamp, and by a curious imbroglio (was it intentional?
These moulds, under the microscope, are seen to be formed by a collection of molecular granulations which Bechamp named microzymas.
Not found in pure calcic carbonate, they are found in geological calcareous strata, and Bechamp established that they were living beings capable of inverting sugar, and some of them to make it ferment.
In the earlier antiseptic operations of Lister the patients died in great numbers, so that it came to be a gruesome sort of medical joke to say that "the operation was successful, but the patient died." But Lister was a surgeon of great skill and observation, and he gradually reduced his employment of antiseptic material to the necessary and not too large dose, when his "operations were successful and his patients lived." duration.