The assumption by family, friends, coworkers, and professionals that abuse is mutual in homosexual couples or is an expected part of what is perceived as a dysfunctional relationship since it is not heterosexual, poses major obstacles to battered GLBT individuals in getting help.
Another formidable obstacle includes a lack of knowing other admitted GLBT victims of domestic violence, as well as the smallness of the community, which can make it difficult for battered men and women in the GLBT community to live anonymously from their abuser in the same town. There tends to be a cycle of behavior, known as the cycle of violence, in abusive relationships. That GLBT individuals do not receive the legal and financial protections their heterosexual counterparts do can inhibit their ability to support themselves and live independently after leaving the abuser. Discrimination against GLBT people and other minorities is also a deterrent to receiving care. Emergency psychiatry: emergency assessments of domestic violence, sexual dangerousness, and elder and child abuse. Stalking and cyber-stalking are also forms of intimate partner abuse.
Physical violence includes assault of any kind, ranging from pinching, pushing, hitting, or slapping to choking, shooting, stabbing, and murder.
Economic or financial abuse is described as limiting the victim's financial freedom or security.
Spiritual abusers either force the victim to participate in the batterer's religious practices instead of their own or to raise mutual children in a religion that the victim is not in favor of.
Nearly one-third of women can expect to be the victim of intimate partner violence sometime in their lifetime.
About 25% of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) individuals are victims of intimate partner abuse, just as often as are heterosexual women.
Excessive anxiety that causes distress or impairment, or that interferes with normal function, is considered an anxiety disorder.