The vast majority of these offenders will be released to communities at some point in the future.Additionally, more than 737,000 registered sex offenders currently reside in communities across the United States (National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, 2012).
Unlike many other sex management strategies that have been implemented over the years, English, Pullen, and Jones (1996) developed the containment approach based on their study of best practices in place across the country.
Research on the effectiveness of the containment approach has been completed in a handful of jurisdictions across the country.
While it is difficult to track national trends over time, there is little question that the number of sex offenders under correctional supervision in the community has increased substantially over the past 20 years.
In fact, sex offender management laws have become so prominent in the United States that the issue was recently identified as the fifth most important area of concern for state legislators (CSOM, 2008).
Specialized supervision frequently involves specially trained probation and parole officers who manage a caseload of sexual offenders using sex-offender-specific supervision strategies that include special conditions of supervision, multidisciplinary collaboration with a treatment provider, and, if appropriate and permissible, the use of global positioning systems (GPS) and polygraph.
Based on responses to a 2008 survey of state officials, most states use some form of specialized supervision to manage risk and provide services to sexual offenders in the community; in addition, many states use sex-offender-specific probation or parole caseloads (Daly, 2008).It also does not present an exhaustive review of the research; it focuses on recent studies deemed to be important for understanding the effectiveness of a given strategy.Finally, its primary focus is on the management of adult sexual offenders.One study was conducted in Jackson County, OR, where the community corrections office integrated treatment, supervision, and polygraph assessment in a multidisciplinary collaboration model.The research compared the recidivism rates for sexual offenders who were subject to the containment approach between 19 (= 231) in a matched sample.Such laws typically address issues such as incapacitation, retribution/punishment, deterrence, and rehabilitation (CSOM, 2008).