When the animal lies down in a sternal recumbent position, the pedestal raises the body from the hot surface and allows cooling air to pass under the body.Camels' mouths have a thick leathery lining, allowing them to chew thorny desert plants.
Normally, the Y-shaped antibody molecules consist of two heavy (or long) chains along the length of the Y, and two light (or short) chains at each tip of the Y.
Camels, in addition to these, also have antibodies made of only two heavy chains, a trait that makes them smaller and more durable.
These "heavy-chain-only" antibodies, discovered in 1993, are thought to have developed 50 million years ago, after camelids split from ruminants and pigs.
but no agreement on chromosome nomenclature of camelids has been reached.
dromedarius), which inhabits the Middle East and the Horn of Africa; the Bactrian, or two-humped camel (C.
bactrianus), which inhabits Central Asia; and the critically endangered wild Bactrian camel (C.
Secondly, renal corpuscles have a smaller diameter, which reduces surface area for filtration.
These two major anatomical characteristics enable camel to conserve water and limit the volume of urine in extreme desert conditions.
When this tissue is metabolized, it yields more than one gram of water for every gram of fat processed.
This fat metabolization, while releasing energy, causes water to evaporate from the lungs during respiration (as oxygen is required for the metabolic process): overall, there is a net decrease in water.
A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus, bearing distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.