In the 1970s French in Quebec became the province's official language.
However, for many years English occupied a de facto privileged position, and French was not fully equal.
The two languages have gradually achieved a greater level of equality in most of the provinces, and full equality at the federal level.
In addition, Inuktitut is also an official language in Nunavut, and nine aboriginal languages have official status in the Northwest Territories.
Bilingual (French/English) sign for Preston Street (rue Preston) in Ottawa, placed above a sign marking that the street is in Little Italy.
Significant demand is not defined in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
One of the purposes of the Official Languages Act of 1988 was to remedy this omission.
However, admission to French-language schools outside Quebec remains restricted in some ways it is not in Quebec.
In particular, rights holder parents who choose to enrol their child in English school may thereby deprive that child's descendants of the right to attend French school.
An example of bilingualism at the municipal government level.
French has been a language of government in the part of Canada that is today Quebec, with limited interruptions, the arrival of the first French settlers in Canada in 1604 (Acadians) and in 1608 in Quebec, and has been entrenched in the Constitution of Canada since 1867.
On the other hand, Section 23 provides a nearly universal right to English-language schooling for the children of Canadian-born anglophones living in Quebec.